1 - 3 October 2019, Washington, D.C. List of Documents for the Meeting Download all available papers and presentations (updated on 27 December 2019) DOCUMENTATION FOR THE MEETING FILE Annotated Agenda PDF Conclusions PDF PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS FOR THE MEETING PAPER PRES. Reference Documents for the Meeting RM1. Terms of Reference of the ISWGNA PDF RM2. Report of the ISWGNA to the United Nations Statistical Commission at its 50th Session PDF RM3. Supplement to the Report of the ISWGNA to the United Nations Statistical Commission at its 50th Session PDF RM4. Decisions on National Accounts of the United Nations Statistics Commission at its 50th Session PDF RM5. Update Procedure for the System of National Accounts Link 1. Introduction PDF Working methods of the meeting 2. SNA Research Agenda 2.1. Overview PDF PDF Overview of the consolidated list of SNA research issues based on research agendas related to the SNA, SEEA, GFS, BOP, international trade and business statistics 2.2. Globalization 2.2.1. Presentation on the objectives and progress of the sub-group on globalization PDF The valuation of imports and exports of goods PDF 2.2.2. Globalization, A BOPCOM perspective PDF 2.2.3. Measuring pass-through equity in non-resident SPE affiliates of US MNEs PDF PDF 2.2.4. Guide to sharing economic data, main recommendations PDF PDF 2.3. Digitalization 2.3.1.Presentation on the objectives and progress of the sub-group on digitalization PDF PDF 2.3.2.Framework for a satellite account on the digital economy PDF PDF XLSX PDF 2.3.3.Recording of data in the national accounts PDF PDF 2.3.4.Valuation of free assets and free services PDF PDF 2.3.5.Crypto assets PDF PDF 2.3.6.Price and volume measurement of goods and services affected by digitalization PDF PDF 2.4.Well-being and sustainability 2.4.1.Presentation on the objectives and progress of the sub-group on well-being and sustainability PDF PDF 2.4.2.SEEA EEA revision process PDF PDF 2.4.3.Linking the SNA and the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting PDF PDF 2.4.4.Accounts for renewable energy assets PDF PDF 3. Update of the 2008 SNA 3.1.Update procedure for the System of National Accounts Link PDF 3.2.Summary of emerging issues from globalization, digitalization, well- being and sustainability 3.3.Options to consult users on a potential SNA update PDF PDF 3.4.Friends of the Chair Group on economic statistics PDF PDF 3.5.Re-branding the SNA - Some thoughts on how we can use the next update to better communicate the SNA to our users PDF 3.6.Update on classifications (ISIC Rev.4, HS, BEC, business functions, SITC) PDF PDF 3.7.Developments in business and trade statistics PDF PDF 3.8.Briefing on the meeting of the IMF Government Finance Statistics Advisory Committee (GFSAC) 3.9.Main methodological changes and consultation on the draft Consumer Price Index Manual: Concepts and Methods PDF PDF 4.Implementation of the 2008 SNA 4.1.Progress with the implementation of the 2008 SNA and a nuanced approach to assess compliance to the 2008 SNA PDF PDF 4.2.A framework for recording and communicating revisions PDF PDF 4.3.Implementation of Quarterly National Accounts and High Frequency Indicators - a status report PDF 4.4.Impact of IFRS 16 on leases PDF 5. Other issues 5.1.Measuring the Informal Economy PDF 5.2.Review of satellite accounting PDF PDF 5.3.Draft guide on thematic satellite accounts PDF PDF 5.4.Islamic finance PDF PDF 5.5.Manuals, handbooks PDF
However, it is necessary to be aware of the potential risks and pitfalls that such use of science for external relations may have. A careful reflection of using the various science diplomacy tools is required and should be backed by a strong scientific basis and trusted networks of experts in order to foster a mindful implementation of activities that offer added value for all partners.
The expert opinion approach is simple and easy to implement. For example, for many of the stand-alone, one-time activities that take place in a project, an opinion based forecast is all that is either necessary or desirable. The opinion of the person who is most knowledgeable in that field is sought. Furthermore, if a project is brand new, the likes of which have never been seen before and for which no historical data is available, then the only recourse for a project manager is to seek the opinion of an expert to get a forecast or an estimate regarding the concerned event or activity.
The disadvantage of relying on the opinion of a single expert is the inherent element of bias. Further, larger issues in the project may arise where an opinion based forecast of a single expert may be not be adequate. This can occur with forecasts involving such things as the timing of the introduction of a new technology into the market place or a change in public behavior as these could have a significant bearing on the decision to start a project or the timing of market entry. When a new product is introduced it can become a guessing game as to how the market will respond and how and when competitors might respond. Answers to questions such as these may require the opinions of several experts, perhaps across a range of subjects, not simply an opinion from those closest to the job. In such cases, the Delphi method may an appropriate forecasting method.
Devised by the Rand Corporation in the U.S., the Delphi technique is a popular method of qualitative forecasting that generates a view of the future by using the knowledge of experts in particular fields. The name derives from the ancient Greek Oracle of Delphi that was supposed to foretell the future. The steps of the Delphi method are as follows:
2.2.4 Clinical Practice ReviewA clinical practice review is often shorter than a systematic review, a scoping review or a narrative review. It mainly provides a summary of clinical issues involving clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, etc. It often requires perspective and expert opinion along with evidence-based review, and may include early or unpublished observations. For example, it can be a detailed step-by-step and empirical summary of certain surgical techniques or approaches; it can be a comparative summary of several treatment approaches; it can also be a review of a controversial clinical issue to sort out the controversy and the possible best approach, and so forth. 1e1e36bf2d